First Aid Guide Book In Hindi Pdf

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A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give medical treatment.

First Aid Pdf In Hindi. First aid in hindi pdf. For isu youth camp and pre collegiate program coordinators and responsible adult supervisors. Emergency and first aid orientation. So i am sharing my first file with you relating to first aid.

First Aid In Hindi

First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury , [1] with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR while waiting for an ambulance , as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut.

First aid is generally performed by someone with basic medical training. Mental health first aid is an extension of the concept of first aid to cover mental health, [2] while psychological first aid is used as early treatment of people who are at risk for developing PTSD.

There are many situations that may require first aid, and many countries have legislation, regulation, or guidance which specifies a minimum level of first aid provision in certain circumstances. This can include specific training or equipment to be available in the workplace such as an automated external defibrillator , the provision of specialist first aid cover at public gatherings, or mandatory first aid training within schools. First aid, however, does not necessarily require any particular equipment or prior knowledge, and can involve improvisation with materials available at the time, often by untrained people.

First aid can be performed on nearly all animals, such as pets , [5] although this article relates to the care of human patients. Skills of what is now known as first aid have been recorded throughout history, especially in relation to warfare , where the care of both traumatic and medical cases is required in particularly large numbers. The bandaging of battle wounds is shown on Classical Greek pottery from c. Further examples occur through history, still mostly related to battle, with examples such as the Knights Hospitaller in the 11th century AD, providing care to pilgrims and knights in the Holy Land.

During the late 18th century, drowning as a cause of death was a major concern amongst the population. In , a society for the preservation of life from accidents in water was started in Amsterdam , and in , physician William Hawes began publicizing the power of artificial respiration as means of resuscitation of those who appeared drowned.

This led to the formation, in , of the Society for the Recovery of Persons Apparently Drowned, later the Royal Humane Society , who did much to promote resuscitation. Napoleon 's surgeon, Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey , is credited with creating an ambulance corps the ambulance volantes , which included medical assistants, tasked to administer first aid in battle.

In Jean-Henri Dunant witnessed the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino , and his work led to the formation of the Red Cross , with a key stated aim of "aid to sick and wounded soldiers in the field".

In , Prussian military surgeon Friedrich von Esmarch introduced formalized first aid to the military, and first coined the term "erste hilfe" translating to 'first aid' , including training for soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War on care for wounded comrades using pre-learnt bandaging and splinting skills, and making use of the Esmarch bandage which he designed.

In , the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem in England changed its focus from hospice care, and set out to start a system of practical medical help, starting with making a grant towards the establishment of the UK's first ambulance service. This was followed by creating its own wheeled transport litter in the St John Ambulance , and in established the St John Ambulance Association the forerunner of modern-day St John Ambulance "to train men and women for the benefit of the sick and wounded".

Also in the UK, Surgeon-Major Peter Shepherd had seen the advantages of von Esmarch's new teaching of first aid, and introduced an equivalent programme for the British Army, and so being the first user of "first aid for the injured" in English, disseminating information through a series of lectures.

Following this, in , Shepherd and Colonel Francis Duncan took advantage of the newly charitable focus of St John, [6] and established the concept of teaching first aid skills to civilians.

The first classes were conducted in the hall of the Presbyterian school in Woolwich near Woolwich barracks where Shepherd was based using a comprehensive first aid curriculum. First aid training began to spread through the British Empire through organisations such as St John, often starting, as in the UK, with high risk activities such as ports and railways. The primary goal of first aid is to prevent death or serious injury from worsening.

The key aims of first aid can be summarized with the acronym of 'the three Ps': [16]. It is important to note that first aid is not medical treatment and cannot be compared with what a trained medical professional provides. First aid involves making common sense decisions in the best interest of an injured person. Basic points of these protocols include:.

A major benefit of these protocols is that they require minimum resources, time and skills with a great degree of success in saving lives under conditions unfavourable for applying first aid. Importantly, high-flow oxygen should be provided to all critically ill persons as soon as possible. Certain skills are considered essential to the provision of first aid and are taught ubiquitously. Particularly the " ABC "s of first aid, which focus on critical life-saving intervention, must be rendered before treatment of less serious injuries.

Attention must first be brought to the airway to ensure it is clear. Obstruction choking is a life-threatening emergency. Following evaluation of the airway, a first aid attendant would determine adequacy of breathing and provide rescue breathing if necessary. Assessment of circulation is now not usually carried out for patients who are not breathing, with first aiders now trained to go straight to chest compressions and thus providing artificial circulation but pulse checks may be done on less serious patients.

Some organizations add a fourth step of "D" for Deadly bleeding or Defibrillation , while others consider this as part of the Circulation step simply referred as Disability. Variations on techniques to evaluate and maintain the ABCs depend on the skill level of the first aider. Once the ABCs are secured, first aiders can begin additional treatments or examination, as required if they possess the proper training such as measuring pupil dilation.

While the ABCs and 3Bs are taught to be performed sequentially, certain conditions may require the consideration of two steps simultaneously.

This includes the provision of both artificial respiration and chest compressions to someone who is not breathing and has no pulse, and the consideration of cervical spine injuries when ensuring an open airway.

The patient must have an open airway—that is, an unobstructed passage that allows air to travel from the open mouth or uncongested nose , down through the pharynx and into the lungs. Conscious people maintain their own airway automatically, but those who are unconscious with a GCS of less than 8 may be unable to do so, as the part of the brain that manages spontaneous breathing may not be functioning. Whether conscious or not, the patient may be placed in the recovery position , laying on their side.

In addition to relaxing the patient, this can have the effect of clearing the tongue from the pharynx. It also avoids a common cause of death in unconscious patients, which is choking on regurgitated stomach contents.

The airway can also become blocked by a foreign object. Once the airway has been opened, the first aider would reassess the patient's breathing. If there is no breathing, or the patient is not breathing normally e. They may also manually massage the heart to promote blood flow around the body.

If the choking person is an infant, the procedure is to deliver five strong blows on the infant's upper back after placing the infant's face in the aider's forearm. If the infant is able to cough or cry, no breathing assistance should be given. Coughing and crying indicate the airway is open and the foreign object will likely to come out from the force the coughing or crying produces. A first responder should know how to use an Automatic External Defibrillator AED in the case of a person having a sudden cardiac arrest.

The survival rate of those who suffer a cardiac arrest outside of the hospital is low. Permanent brain damage sets in after 5 minutes of no oxygen delivery, so rapid action on the part of the rescuer is necessary.

An AED is a device that can examine a heartbeat and produce electric shocks to restart the heart. A first aider should be prepared to quickly deal with less severe problems such as cuts , grazes or bone fracture.

They may be able to completely resolve a situation if they have the proper training and equipment. For situations that are more severe, complex or dangerous, a first aider might need to do the best they can with the equipment they have, and wait for an ambulance to arrive at the scene. Basic principles, such as knowing the use of adhesive bandage or applying direct pressure on a bleed, are often acquired passively through life experiences.

However, to provide effective, life-saving first aid interventions requires instruction and practical training. This is especially true where it relates to potentially fatal illnesses and injuries, such as those that require CPR; these procedures may be invasive, and carry a risk of further injury to the patient and the provider.

As with any training, it is more useful if it occurs before an actual emergency , and in many countries, emergency ambulance dispatchers may give basic first aid instructions over the phone while the ambulance is on the way.

Training is generally provided by attending a course, typically leading to certification. Due to regular changes in procedures and protocols, based on updated clinical knowledge, and to maintain skill, attendance at regular refresher courses or re-certification is often necessary. First aid training is often available through community organizations such as the Red Cross and St.

John Ambulance , or through commercial providers, who will train people for a fee. This commercial training is most common for training of employees to perform first aid in their workplace.

Many community organizations also provide a commercial service, which complements their community programmes. Junior level certificate Basic Life Support 2. Senior level certificate. There are several types of first aid and first aider that require specific additional training.

These are usually undertaken to fulfill the demands of the work or activity undertaken. Some people undertake specific training in order to provide first aid at public or private events, during filming, or other places where people gather. They may be designated as a first aider , or use some other title.

This role may be undertaken on a voluntary basis, with organisations such as the 1. Red Cross society and 2.

St John Ambulance , [22] or as paid employment with a medical contractor. People performing a first aid role, whether in a professional or voluntary capacity, are often expected to have a high level of first aid training and are often uniformed. Although commonly associated with first aid, the symbol of a red cross is an official protective symbol of the Red Cross. According to the Geneva Conventions and other international laws, the use of this and similar symbols is reserved for official agencies of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent , and as a protective emblem for medical personnel and facilities in combat situations.

Use by any other person or organization is illegal, and may lead to prosecution. The internationally accepted symbol for first aid is the white cross on a green background shown below. Some organizations may make use of the Star of Life , although this is usually reserved for use by ambulance services, or may use symbols such as the Maltese Cross , like the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and St John Ambulance.

Other symbols may also be used. Andrew's First Aid Badge. Also see Medical emergency. Many accidents can happen in homes, offices, schools and laboratories which require immediate attention before the patient is attended by the doctor. A first aid kit consists of a strong, durable bag or transparent plastic box.

They are commonly identified with a white cross on a green background. A first aid kit does not have to be bought ready-made. The advantage of ready-made first aid kits are that they have well organized compartments and familiar layouts. There is no universal agreement upon the list for the contents of a first aid kit.

The UK Health and Safety Executive stress that the contents of workplace first aid kits will vary according to the nature of the work activities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see First aid disambiguation.

Emergency first response medical treatment. Medical portal.

Cpr Chart In Hindi - Safety Chart For First Aid Essentials Hindi

Science - emergency, first aid book in hindi pdf emergency services and how to give first aid - hindi. First aid 2 first aid this book covers in depth all topics required first aid book in hindi pdf for a standard first aid course, and first aid book in hindi pdf also includes a section on advanced topics. In first aid book in hindi pdf this test you have to answer first aid test questions. Which are separated into first aid quiz questions. So enjoy these first aid at work test questions to get enough knowledge first aid book in hindi pdf for first aid quiz questions and answers quiz pdf.

The law in relation to first aid at work. Home preparedness emergency medical kit list build your own custom first aid kit. First aid in hindi. Hemat gryffe womens aid is a company limited by guarantee incorporated under the companies acts company number sc and a registered charity charity number. First aid refers to medical attention that is usually administered immediately after the injury occurs and at the location where it occurred. It often consists of a.

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First Aid Questions And Answers Pdf In Hindi

First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury , [1] with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR while waiting for an ambulance , as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut. First aid is generally performed by someone with basic medical training.

First aid test questions sample first aid first aid questions and answers pdf first aid multiple choice questions first aid online test first aid test answers. Identify the aim of first aid. First aid questions and answers pdf in hindi. Please answer questions on answer sheets. Test your first aid knowledge in five common scenarios.

 - Я думаю, я поняла, что вам от меня.  - Она наклонилась и принялась рыться в сумке. Беккер был на седьмом небе.

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Рука Халохота потянулась к пистолету. Adios, Senor Becker… La sangre de Cristo, la сора de la salvacion. Терпкий аромат красного вина ударил в ноздри Беккера, когда падре Херрера опустил перед ним серебряную, отполированную миллионами рук чашу. Немного рано для алкогольных напитков, подумал Беккер, наклоняясь. Когда серебряный кубок оказался на уровне его глаз, возникло какое-то движение, и в полированной поверхности смутно отразилась приближающаяся фигура. Беккер заметил металлический блеск в тот самый миг, когда убийца поднимал пистолет, и, как спринтер, срывающийся с места при звуке стартового выстрела, рванулся. Насмерть перепуганный священник упал, чаша взлетела вверх, и красное вино разлилось по белому мрамору пола.

Конгресс собирался принять закон, объявляющий этот новый алгоритм национальным стандартом, что должно было решить проблему несовместимости, с которой сталкивались корпорации, использующие разные алгоритмы. Конечно, просить АН Б приложить руку к совершенствованию системы общего пользования - это все равно что предложить приговоренному к смертной казни самому сколотить себе гроб. ТРАНСТЕКСТ тогда еще не был создан, и принятие стандарта лишь облегчило бы процесс шифрования и значительно затруднило АНБ выполнение его и без того нелегкой задачи. Фонд электронных границ сразу увидел в этом конфликт интересов и всячески пытался доказать, что АНБ намеренно создаст несовершенный алгоритм - такой, какой ему будет нетрудно взломать. Чтобы развеять эти опасения, конгресс объявил, что, когда алгоритм будет создан, его передадут для ознакомления лучшим математикам мира, которые должны будут оценить его качество. Команда криптографов АНБ под руководством Стратмора без особого энтузиазма создала алгоритм, который окрестила Попрыгунчиком, и представила его в конгресс для одобрения. Зарубежные ученые-математики проверили Попрыгунчика и единодушно подтвердили его высокое качество.

Отпил глоток и чуть не поперхнулся. Ничего себе капелька. В голове у нее стучало. Повернувшись, она увидела, как за стеной, в шифровалке, Чатрукьян что-то говорит Хейлу. Понятно, домой он так и не ушел и теперь в панике пытается что-то внушить Хейлу. Она понимала, что это больше не имеет значения: Хейл и без того знал все, что можно было знать.

 Si. Punqui. - Панк. - Да, панк, - сказала Росио на плохом английском и тотчас снова перешла на испанский.  - Mucha joyeria.

Дайте немножко денег, чтобы я могла вернуться домой. Я вам все верну. Беккер подумал, что деньги, которые он ей даст, в конечном счете окажутся в кармане какого-нибудь наркоторговца из Трианы.

Фонтейн сурово смотрел на Джаббу: - И на что же запрограммирован этот червяк.

Дорогие друзья, сегодня я ухожу из жизни… При таком исходе никто ничему не удивится. Никто не задаст вопросов. Никто ни в чем его не обвинит.

 Помнишь, что случилось в прошлом году, когда Стратмор занимался антисемитской террористической группой в Калифорнии? - напомнила. Бринкерхофф кивнул. Это было одним из крупнейших достижений Стратмора. С помощью ТРАНСТЕКСТА, взломавшего шифр, ему удалось узнать о заговоре и бомбе, подложенной в школе иврита в Лос-Анджелесе.

Управлять всей информацией в мире. И ТРАНСТЕКСТ больше не нужен.

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