Inhibitory Processes In Attention Memory And Language Pdf

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The book identifies how excitory and inhibitory messages in the human nervous system combine and coordinate to affect attention, cognition, memory and language. Communication within the nervous system involves the excitation and inhibition of neurons. How these processes interact to affect cognition and behavioural performance has been an area of ongoing investigation that is once again at the forefront of cognitive research.

Cognitive inhibition

This study examined the relationship between age and inhibitory functioning within a sample of older adults ranging in age from 60 to 85 years old. On the basis of earlier research, and confirmed by factor analysis, measures typically referred to as frontal lobe tasks were used as measures of inhibitory functioning. Findings demonstrated that inhibitory processes continued to decline with advancing age within the older sample. In addition, the role of inhibition in age-related performance deficits on a verbal list learning measure and an attention measure was examined. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that inhibition accounted for a significant proportion of the age-related variance on the two cognitive measures, whereas measures of reading speed accounted for a smaller proportion of the variance. In addition, when inhibition was first covaried out, reading speed no longer accounted for a significant proportion of the age-related variance. It is argued that inhibition is an important contributor to age-related performance decrements in cognition.

Cognitive inhibition can be done either in whole or in part, intentionally or otherwise. The early models of what would become the study and concept of cognitive inhibition were developed by Sigmund Freud. Inhibition was believed to play two primary roles: the prevention of unwanted thoughts or behaviors, and the repression of experiences from infancy and childhood. Other early theories of cognitive inhibition focused on its central developmental mechanisms and were founded by Luria and Vygotsky, two Russian psychologists. They proposed that children acquire control of behavior and thought through internalized speech, and that they consciously exhibit a cognitively inhibitory process in order to regulate their own behavior.

Inhibitory Processes in Attention, Memory and Language

Zacks, R. Directed ignoring: Inhibitory regulation of working memory. Carr Eds. New York: Academic Press. These are all examples of a category of behaviors that we call directed ignoring.

Dynamic Cognitive Processes pp Cite as. When confronted with reminders to things that we would prefer not to think about, we often attempt to put the unwanted memories out of awareness. Here, I argue that the ability to control memory is a special case of a broad class of situations thought to require executive control: response override. In such situations, one must stop a strong habitual response to a stimulus due to situational demands, a function thought to be accomplished by inhibitory processes that suppress the response, enabling more flexible, context-sensitive control over behavior. Recent behavioral studies show that inhibitory mechanisms that control overt behavior are also targeted at declarative memories to control retrieval.

The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. Merged citations.


PDF | On Jan 1, , R.T. Zacks and others published Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language | Find, read and cite all the research you need.


Cognitive inhibition

Performed the experiments: SN. Analyzed the data: SN. Our study explores inhibitory control across a range of widely recognised memory and behavioural tasks. Eighty-seven never-depressed participants completed a series of tasks designed to measure inhibitory control in memory and behaviour.

The present study examined the implication that these two inhibitory processes operate at consistent levels of efficiency within individuals by examining the correlation between two cognitive inhibition effects, negative priming and negative error priming.

Duplicate citations

Нужно выключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ. У нас… - Он нас сделал, - сказал Стратмор, не поднимая головы.  - Танкадо обманул всех. По его тону ей стало ясно, что он все понял. Вся ложь Танкадо о невскрываемом алгоритме… обещание выставить его на аукцион - все это было игрой, мистификацией. Танкадо спровоцировал АНБ на отслеживание его электронной почты, заставил поверить, что у него есть партнер, заставил скачать очень опасный файл. - Линейная мутация… - еле выдавил Стратмор.

Труп надо передвинуть. Стратмор медленно приближался к застывшему в гротескной лозе телу, не сводя с него глаз. Он схватил убитого за запястье; кожа была похожа на обгоревший пенопласт, тело полностью обезвожено. Коммандер зажмурился, сильнее сжал запястье и потянул. Труп сдвинулся на несколько сантиметров. Он потянул сильнее. Труп сдвинулся еще чуть-чуть.

Он молился не об избавлении от смерти - в чудеса он не верил; он молился о том, чтобы женщина, от которой был так далеко, нашла в себе силы, чтобы ни на мгновение не усомнилась в его любви. Он закрыл глаза, и воспоминания хлынули бурным потоком. Он вспомнил факультетские заседания, лекции - все то, что заполняло девяносто процентов его жизни. Вспомнил о Сьюзан. Это были простые воспоминания: как он учил ее есть палочками, как они отправились на яхте к Кейп-Коду.

У Беккера застрял комок в горле. Росио была куда смелее своего клиента. - Не может быть? - повторил он, сохраняя ледяной тон.

Я слышал, она его уже достала. Мидж задумалась. До нее тоже доходили подобные слухи.

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