File Name: nursing human science and human care a theory of nursing .zip
Nursing is defined by caring. Caring Science helps us to embrace the positive energy that flows from an integrated mind, body and spirit and is mutually rewarding to both the patient and the nurse.
- Watson's Caring Theory Case Study
- [Jean Watson] Nursing The Philosophy and Science (BookFi.org)-
- Watson's Caring Theory Case Study
Watson's Caring Theory Case Study
ANSI Z Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Watson, Jean, Nursing : the This page intentionally left blank xv Kathryn Lynch, an advanced nursing student and my research associate at the University of Colorado-Denver and Rush Presbyterian University, is specially acknowledged as a gift to me during the writing of this book.
She has offered her talents to support me and my activities and requests related to this book and also to other professional work emerging from my writings. She has created new templates for my Web site www. Further, she has served as Web master and assistant to the emerging international group, the International Caritas Consortium www. I want to recognize and thank Darrin Pratt and the University Press of Colorado for their continuing interest and support in keeping this work alive and updated for a new generation of faculty, students, and practitioners.
This new, revised edition seeks to keep the caringhealing values, concepts, hopes, and vision alive in the world for all those committed to a Philosophy and Science of Human Caring as the foundation for nursing and health care and for sustaining humanity itself.
I sit in the quiet, reengaging with my very first book on the philosophy and science of caring in nursing. The original work presented this framework as the foundation, the soul, the core and essence of nursing as a discipline and a profession.
I now ponder a total renewal, revision, and update of this work, bringing life to it at this point in time, having undergone and experienced several life evolutions, changes, even transformations of self and systems, including the deepening of the "theory. Just as the high tide comes at noon and the low tide recedes at sunset, I place myself with the rhythm of the sea.
So, I prepare to revise and update this original work as I come full circle in reviewing my life, my work, and my career, moving to another rhythmic space for this time in my personal and professional life world.
Or rather, I let it all move me, take me, wash over me, prepare me for a new space in my thinking and reconnecting-like a new wave upon the shore, yet with familiarity of the oceanic sea-of-thinking, which still runs through my life and my collected work on caring. I am continually writing, teaching, pondering what I need to learn.
Not knowing how this revised edition will unfold but open to its emergence, I invite others to enter into and follow my path into the future. At this moment I am both somber and celebratory as I journey into the process. Caring begins with being present, open to compassion, mercy, gentleness, loving-kindness, and equanimity toward and with self before one can offer compassionate caring to others.
It begins with a love of humanity and everything that is living: the immanent, subtle, radiant, shadow-and-light vicissitudes of experiences along the wayhonoring with reverence the mystery, the unknowns, the impermanence and changes but actively, joyfully participating in all of it, the pain, the joy, and everything.
I invite you to briefly dwell in silence, open your heart as well as your mind; offer a sense of gratitude for your life and all that has brought you to this point in time. Thus, you begin to realize with this entering space of pause, silence, breath, and gratitude that this evolved work is more than a new edition of an original work; it evokes a contemplative, reflective quieting down.
This work invites a return to one's inner core to Figure 2. Photo by AliveStudios. It is hoped that this continuing work will arouse a remembering of why you entered this field, reconnecting with what is keeping you involved and the knowledge, values, and practices that are essential if you, other nurses, and nursing itself are to sustain the enduring and timeless gift of offering informed, moral, knowledgeable, compassionate human caring-healing services to sustain humanity in our daily work and in the world.
I am truly honored and blessed because you are part of my journey. I thank you for being a sojourner on this path. Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring was my first book and my entrance into scholarly work.
This book was published before formal attention was being given to nursing theory as the foundation for the discipline of nursing and before much focus had been directed to a meaningful philosophical foundation for nursing science, education, and practice. The work "emerged from my quest to bring new meaning and dignity to the work and the world of nursing and patient care" Watson The theoretical concepts were derived and emerged from my personal and professional experiences; they were clinically inducted, empirically grounded, and combined with my philosophical, ethical, intellectual, and experiential background Watson My quest and my work have always been about deepening my own and everyone's understanding of humanity and life itself and bringing those dimen-Background P a r t I sions into nursing.
Thus, the early work emerged from my own values, beliefs, perceptions, and experience with rhetorical and ineffable questions. For example, what does it mean to be human? What does it mean to care? What does it mean to heal? Questions and views of personhood, life, the birth-death cycle, change, health, healing, relationships, caring, wholeness, pain, suffering, humanity itself, and other unknowns guided my quest to identify a framework for nursing as a distinct entity, profession, discipline, and science in its own right-separate from, but complementary to, the curative orientation of medicine Watson My views were heightened by my commitment to 1 the professional role and mission of nursing; 2 its ethical covenant with society as sustaining human caring and preserving human dignity, even when threatened; and 3 attending to and helping to sustain human dignity, humanity, and wholeness in the midst of threats and crises of life and death.
All these activities, experiences, questions, and processes transcend illness, diagnosis, condition, setting, and so on; they were, and remain, enduring and timeless across time and space and changes in systems, society, civilization, and science.
The original work has expanded and evolved through a generation of publications, other books, videos, and CDs, along with clinical-educational and administrative initiatives for transforming professional nursing. A series of other books on caring theory followed and have been translated into at least nine languages. A Theory of Nursing New York: National League for Nursing.
See also Web site Watson a for complete citations of books and publications. These factors were identified as the essential aspects of caring in nursing, without which nurses may not have been practicing professional nursing but instead were functioning as technicians or skilled workers within the dominant framework of medical technocure science.
This work has stood as a timeless classic of sorts on its own. It has not been revised since its original publication; only reprints have kept it alive, thanks to the University Press of Colorado. This edition is an expanded and updated supplement of the original text, with completely new sections replacing previous sections while other sections that remain relevant are included with only minor revisions.
I have been advised to retain the original text in this revision so essential parts of it remain alive, since the original version may eventually go out of print.
Thus, this work retains core essentials of the original text while updating that text with new content, bringing the original book full circle with my own evolution and changes in the work across an almost thirty-year span. To provide the context for this evolution before I address revisions of the original text , I provide a brief overview of the focus and content of the other books that serve as a background for my evolving work, all of which emerged from the original text of Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring.
It expands on the philosophical, transpersonal aspects of a caring moment as the core framework. This focus places the theoretical ideas more explicitly within a broader context of ethics, art, and even metaphysics as phenomena within which nursing dwells but often does not name, articulate, or act upon.
This second theory text seeks to make more explicit the reality that if nursing is to survive in this millennium, it has to sustain and make explicit its covenant with the public. This covenant includes taking mature professional responsibility for giving voice to, standing up for, and acting on its knowledge, values, ethics, and skilled practices of caring, healing, and health. There is further development of concepts such as the transpersonal, the caring occasion, the caring moment, and the "art of transpersonal caring" Watson Watson Thus, a human science and human caring orientation differs from conventional science and invites qualitatively different aspects to be honored as legitimate and necessary when working with human experiences and human caring-healing, health, and life phenomena.
In this work one finds the first mention of "caring occasion," "phenomenal field," "transpersonal," and the "art of transpersonal caring," inviting the full use of self within a "caring moment" Watson As such, the process can and does go beyond itself, yet arise from aspects of itself that become part of the life history of each person, as well as part of some larger, deeper, complex pattern of life" Watson The caring moment can be an existential turning point for the nurse, in that it involves pausing, choosing to "see"; it is informed action guided by an intentionality and consciousness of how to be in the moment-fully present, open to the other person, open to compassion and connection, beyond the ego-control focus that is so common.
In a caring moment, the nurse grasps the gestalt of the presenting moment and is able to "read" the field, beyond the outer appearance of the patient and the patient's behavior. The moment is "transpersonal" when the nurse is able to see and connect with the spirit of others, open to expanding possibilities of what can occur.
The foundation for this perspective is the wisdom in knowing and understanding that "[w]e learn from one another how to be more human by identifying ourselves with others and finding their dilemmas in ourselves. What we all learn from it is self-knowledge. The self we learn about or discover is every self: it is universal. We learn to recognize ourselves in others" Watson This human-to-human connection expands our compassion and caring and keeps alive our common humanity.
All of this process deepens and sustains our shared humanity and helps to avoid reducing another human being to the moral status of object Watson This second work concludes with a sample of human science methodology as a form of caring inquiry. Transcendental phenomenology is discussed as one exemplar of a human science-Caring Science experience of loss and grief experienced and researched among an Aboriginal tribe in Western Australia.
Poetry and artistic, metaphoric expressions emerge within the "outback" research experience, using this extended methodology. Such an approach was consistent with the findings and experiences in this unique setting, in that this methodology allowed for a "poetic" effect in articulating experiences as felt and lived, transcending their facts and pure descriptions descriptive phenomenology. Thus, the transcendent views were consistent with transpersonal dimensions and provided space for paradox, ambiguity, sensuous resonance, and creative expressions, going beyond the surface phenomenology Watson For example: "In other words, how could cold, unfeeling, totally detached dogmatic words and tone possibly teach the truth or deep meaning of a human phenomenon associated with human caring, transpersonal caring and grief, and convey experiences of great sorrow, great beauty, passion and joy.
We cannot convey the need for compassion, complexity, or for cultivating feeling and sensibility in words that are bereft of warmth, kindness and good feeling" Watson The result is poetizing; "it cannot be other than poetic" Heidegger quoted in Watson Colorado, Biomedical Communications Department. Reprinted, with permission, from Watson Such an exemplar of methodology invites a union between the humanities and art with science, one of the perennial themes of my work.
Finally, this second book launched my ideas and set the foundation for the next evolution of my work on Caring Science that followed. The third book, Postmodern Nursing and Beyond , brought focus to the professional paradigm that is grounded in the ontology of relations and an ethical-ontological foundation before jumping to the epistemology of science and technology. In this book the spiritual and evolved energetic aspects of caring consciousness, intentionality, and human presence and the personal evolution of the practitioner became more developed.
This evolution was placed within the emerging postmodern cosmology of healing, wholeness, and oneness that is an honoring of the unity of all. This postmodern perspective, as developed in the third book, attempts to project nursing and health care into the mid-twentyfirst century, when there will be radically different requirements for all health practitioners and entirely different roles and expectations between and among the public and health care systems Watson xiii.
Prominent in this text is an emphasis on the feminine yin energy needed for caring and healing, which nursing, other practitioners, and society alike are rediscovering because the dominant system is imbalanced with the archetypal energy of yang, which is not the source for healing. Nursing itself serves as an archetype for healing and represents a metaphor for the deep yin healing energy that is emerging within an entirely different paradigm.
What is proposed is a fundamental ontological shift in consciousness, acknowledging a symbiotic relationship between humankind-technology-nature and the larger, expanding universe. This evolutionary turn evokes a return to the sacred core of humankind, inviting mystery and wonder back into our lives, work, and world. Such views reintroduce a sense of reverence for and openness to infinite possibilities.
Emphasis is placed on the importance of ontological caring-healing practices, grounded in an expanded consciousness and intentionality that intersect with technological treatments of advanced medicine. In this work, Nightingale's original blueprint for nursing is evident and embodies all the caringhealing nursing arts and rituals, rediscovered and honored for new reasons. My most recent theoretical book, Caring Science as Sacred Science which received an American Journal of Nursing [AJN] Book of the Year award in in the category of research , expands further upon the earlier works on caring.
This work places Caring Science within an ethical-moral-philosophically evolved, scientific context, guided by the works of Emmanual Levinas , French and Knud Logstrup , Danish.
[Jean Watson] Nursing The Philosophy and Science (BookFi.org)-
Watson's Caring Theory Case Study
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Corpus ID: Nursing: human science and human care. A theory of nursing.
Health: Watson adds the following three elements to WHO definition of health:. A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation.
Она была уверена, что рано или поздно познакомится с этим человеком, но никогда не думала, что это случится при таких обстоятельствах. - Идемте, мисс Флетчер, - сказал Фонтейн и прошел. - Нам сейчас пригодится любая помощь. Посверкивая в красноватом свете туннельных ламп, перед ними возникла стальная дверь.
Черт возьми. Я совсем забыл, что электричество вырубилось. Он принялся изучать раздвижную дверь. Прижал ладони к стеклу и попробовал раздвинуть створки.
Она пропустила эти слова через компьютер и поставила перед ним задачу переставить буквы в новую фразу. Выходила только абракадабра. Похоже, не один Танкадо умел создавать абсолютно стойкие шифры.