Response And Mitigation To Disaster Pdf

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The four phases are:. Mitigation is the most cost-efficient method for reducing the impact of hazards. A precursor activity to mitigation is the identification of risks.

Emergency management

When disaster strikes, businesses that close down run the risk of never reopening — especially with no plan of action in place. While creating a business continuity management plan for your organization, consider the four phases of disaster management and how each phase will affect your business before, during and after a crisis. When it comes to business continuity, think of disasters as recurring events that take place in four key phases:. T o download the printable disaster management cycle graphic, click here. All organizations are in at least one phase at any given moment in time. Understanding these four phases will empower your organization to prepare for and respond to crises in a smarter, more informed way. Making the right decisions will give your organization the best chance at survival and recovery following an unanticipated event.

Disaster response is the second phase of the disaster management cycle. The aim of emergency response is to provide immediate assistance to maintain life, improve health and support the morale of the affected population. Such assistance may range from providing specific but limited aid, such as assisting refugees with transport, temporary shelter, and food, to establishing semi-permanent settlement in camps and other locations. It also may involve initial repairs to damaged or diversion to infrastructure. The focus in the response phase is on putting people safe, prevent next disasters and meeting the basic needs of the people until more permanent and sustainable solutions can be found. The main responsibility to address these needs and respond to a disaster lies with the government or governments in whose territory the disaster has occurred.

These class notes were composed by Dr. Mitigation is a type of long-term, pre-disaster planning which involves sustained expenditures on structural and non-structural efforts to reduce or eliminate future risks. Mitigation plans and activities are, in practice, usually medium to long term, and mitigation is the cornerstone of emergency management since it is an example where thinking ahead pays off in the long run. Terminologically, mitigation is related to two other concepts of long-term planning: reconstruction and preparedness. Reconstruction means repair or rebuilding, and preparedness means getting ready or practicing to respond.

Four Phases of Emergency Management

Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery. The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters. The World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, and immediate measures management need to be taken to prevent it from becoming a disaster, which is even harder to recover from. Disaster management is a related term but should not be equated to emergency management. Emergency planning is a discipline of urban planning and design ; it aims to prevent emergencies from occurring, and failing that, initiates an efficient action plan to mitigate the results and effects of any emergencies. As time goes on, and more data becomes available usually through the study of emergencies as they occur , a plan should evolve. The development of emergency plans is a cyclical process, common to many risk management disciplines such as business continuity and security risk management:.

Disaster response

Table of contents. Search for:. Shopping cart. It provides a review and analysis of a range of technology and policy case studies presented by Administrations and organizations regarding implementation of ICTs during all disaster phases.

The four phases of disaster: 1 mitigation; 2 preparedness; 3 response; and 4 recovery. The model helps frame issues related to disaster preparedness as well as economic and business recovery after a disaster. Each phase has particular needs, requires distinct tools, strategies, and resources and faces different challenges. The issues addressed below relate to the resiliency and recovery of the local economy and business community before and after a major disaster.

Preparedness & Recovery

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