File Name: governor generals of india and their achievements in hindi.zip
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- Viceroys and Governor
- List of British Governors Generals during British Period in India
- Warren Hastings
Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England. The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London. Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization.
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Click Here. Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W. Concluded a treaty of perpetual friendship with Ranjit Singh ; Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour. On recommendation of Macaulay Committee made English the medium of higher education in India. Bentick —35 : First Governor-General of India.
Lord Ellenborough —44 : Brought an end to the Afghan War. Annexation of Sindh ; War with Gwalior Made Shimla the summer capital. Administrative Reforms: Introduced the system of Centralized control in the newly acquired territories known as Bon-Regulation system; Raised Gurkha regiments.
Public Works: Started the first railway line in connecting Bombay with Thana ; Started electric telegraph service. Laid the basis of the modern postal system ; A separate public works department was set up for the first time; Started work on the Grand Trunk Road and developed the harbours of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta.
Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse. Mutiny took place in his time. He was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in Andamans in , Introduction of State Railways. For the first time in Indian history, a census was held in Lord Northbrook —76 : Kuka Movement of Punjab took rebellious turn during his period. Lord Lytton —80 : Most infamous Governor-General, pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated drain of wealth of India; Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi in when the country was suffering from a servere famine; Passed the Royal Title Act and Queen Victoriya was declared as the Kaisar-i-Hind; Arms Act made mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms; Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act ; Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years, the 2nd Afghan war proved a failure Viceroy of reverse characters.
But this was withdrawn later. Lord Lansdowne —94 : The second Factory Act of ; Categorization of Civil Services into imperial, provincial and subordinate; Indian Council Act of introduced elections which was indirect ; Appointment of the Durand Commission to define the line between British India and Afghanistan Extended railways to a Great extent.
Sinha was appointed Governor of Bengal. Suppressed non-cooperation movement. Lord Wavell — : C. Skip to main content. Weekly Current Affairs. True founder of British Political dominion in India. Vanisttart —65 : The Battle of Buxar Cartier —72 : Bengal Famine Revenue Reforms: Auctioned the right to collect land revenue to the highest bidder; Divided Bengal into districts and appointed collectors and other revenue officials.
Lord Cornwallis —93 : First person to codify laws in Police Reforms: Each district was divided into sq. Wars: Battle of Kharda between Nizam and the Marathas Madras Presidency was formed during his tenure. George Barlow — : Vellore Mutiny Lord Hastings — : Adopted the policy of intervention and war. Governor-Generals of India —58 Lord W. Wars: Annexed Coorg , Central Cachar on the plea of misgovernment.
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Viceroys and Governor
Click Here. Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W. Concluded a treaty of perpetual friendship with Ranjit Singh ; Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour. On recommendation of Macaulay Committee made English the medium of higher education in India. Bentick —35 : First Governor-General of India. Lord Ellenborough —44 : Brought an end to the Afghan War.
This PDF covers all the Governors-general & viceroys from to events took place during their rule very useful for UPSC, BANKING, SSC East India Company to the Crown, Government of India Act , Indian.
List of British Governors Generals during British Period in India
Download this as PDF. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence.
On August 2, , less than a month after Canning proclaimed the victory of British arms, Parliament passed the Government of India Act , transferring British power over India from the East India Company , whose ineptitude was primarily blamed for the mutiny, to the crown. The new policy of religious nonintervention was born equally out of fear of recurring mutiny, which many Britons believed had been triggered by orthodox Hindu and Muslim reaction against the secularizing inroads of utilitarian positivism and the proselytizing of Christian missionaries. The new British military towns were initially erected as secure bases for the reorganized British regiments and were designed with straight roads wide enough for cavalry to gallop through whenever needed. Indian soldiers were also restricted from handling certain sophisticated weaponry.
English were defeated by Haider Ali. He stopped annual pension to Mughal Emperor and reduced the pension of the Nawab of Bengal. Nand Kumar was critic of Warren Hastings, indicted in false case and sentenced to death. Reforms for purification of Administration.
The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The office was created in , with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William. Complete authority over all of British India was granted in , and the official came to be known as the "Governor-General of India". Governors of Fort William in Bengal
The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during — Lord William Bentinck was first to be designated as the Governor general of India in After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London.
Lord Canning. Main incidents during his Viceroyship are. Lord John Lawrence Lord Mayo Lord Lytton I
Download the PDF List of Governor General and Viceroy of India. It also covers the important achievements and events that took place during their time. in his time was Mutiny of Vellore in in which the Indian soldiers.
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One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours. Meanwhile you can Enjoy the Free Study Material. General Awareness is considered an integral part of the competitive exams. From history to polity, facts regarding General Science, Physics, Biology, our constitution, economy, banks and almost everything. Being an SSC exam or Railway exam appearing aspirant, this list will help you to know the complete details of the Governor General and Viceroy of India from the year to It also covers the important achievements and events that took place during their time.
Хотя Сьюзан практически не покидала шифровалку в последние три года, она не переставала восхищаться этим сооружением. Главное помещение представляло собой громадную округлую камеру высотой в пять этажей. Ее прозрачный куполообразный потолок в центральной части поднимался на 120 футов. Купол из плексигласа имел ячеистую структуру - защитную паутину, способную выдержать взрыв силой в две мегатонны. Солнечные лучи, проходя сквозь этот экран, покрывали стены нежным кружевным узором.
С какой стати вы решили послать туда моего будущего мужа. - Мне был нужен человек, никак не связанный с государственной службой. Если бы я действовал по обычным каналам и кто-то узнал… - И Дэвид Беккер единственный, кто не связан с государственной службой. - Разумеется, не единственный.
Это не лишено смысла. Джабба сразу понял, что Сьюзан права. Энсей Танкадо сделал карьеру на простых числах. Простые числа - главные строительные блоки шифровальных алгоритмов, они обладали уникальной ценностью сами по .
Лиланд Фонтейн окинул своего помощника убийственным взглядом. - Я был. Но сейчас я .
Но я хотел уйти с высоко поднятой головой. Я хотел уйти с сознанием, что добился своей цели. - Но вы добились своей цели, - словно со стороны услышала Сьюзан собственный голос, - Вы создали ТРАНСТЕКСТ.