File Name: supreme court questions and answers .zip
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How were deputies to the Constitutional Convention chosen? They were appointed by the legislatures of the different States.
Constitution questions and answers
How were deputies to the Constitutional Convention chosen? They were appointed by the legislatures of the different States. Were there any restrictions as to the number of deputies a State might send? Which State did not send deputies to the Constitutional Convention? Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
Were the other twelve States represented throughout the Constitutional Convention? Two of the deputies from New York left on July 10, , and after that Hamilton, the third deputy, when he was in attendance did not attempt to cast the vote of his State. The New Hampshire deputies did not arrive until July 23, ; so that there never was a vote of more than eleven States. Where and when did the deputies to the Constitutional Convention assemble?
The meeting was called for May 14, , but a quorum was not present until May About how large was the population of Philadelphia? The census of gave it 28,; including its suburbs, about 42, What was the average age of the deputies to the Constitutional Convention?
About Who were the oldest and youngest members of the Constitutional Convention? How many lawyers were members of the Constitutional Convention? There were probably 34, out of 55, who had at least made a study of the law. From what classes of society were the members of the Constitutional Convention drawn?
In addition to the lawyers, there were soldiers, planters, educators, ministers, physicians, financiers, and merchants. How many members of the Constitutional Convention had been members of the Continental Congress? Forty, and two others were later members. Were there any members of the Constitutional Convention who never attended any of its meetings? There were nineteen who were never present. Some of these declined, others merely neglected the duty. Were the members of the Constitutional Convention called "delegates" or "deputies," and is there any distinction between the terms?
Some of the States called their representatives "delegates"; some, "deputies"; and some, "commissioners," the terms being often mixed. In the Convention itself they were always referred to as "deputies. The general practice of historians is to describe them as "delegates. Who was called the "Sage of the Constitutional Convention"? Benjamin Franklin, of Pennsylvania. Who was called the "Father of the Constitution"? James Madison, of Virginia, because in point of erudition and actual contributions to the formation of the Constitution he was preeminent.
Was Thomas Jefferson a member of the Constitutional Convention? What did Thomas Jefferson have to do with framing the Constitution? Although absent from the Constitutional Convention and during the period of ratification, Jefferson rendered no inconsiderable service to the cause of Constitutional Government, for it was partly through his insistence that the Bill of Rights, consisting of the first ten amendments, was adopted.
Who presided over the Constitutional Convention? George Washington, chosen unanimously. How long did it take to frame the Constitution? It was drafted in fewer than one hundred working days. How much was paid for the journal kept by Madison during the Constitutional Convention? Was there harmony in the Convention? Serious conflicts arose at the outset, especially between those representing the small and large States.
What was the Connecticut Compromise? This was the first great compromise of the Constitutional Convention, whereby it was agreed that in the Senate each State should have two members, and that in the House the number of Representatives was to be based upon population. Thus the rights of the small States were safeguarded, and the majority of the population was to be fairly represented.
Who actually wrote the Constitution? In none of the relatively meager records of the Constitutional Convention is the literary authorship of any part of the Constitution definitely established. The deputies debated proposed plans until, on July 24, , substantial agreement having been reached, a Committee of Detail was appointed, consisting of John Rutledge, of South Carolina; Edmund Randolph, of Virginia; Nathaniel Gorham, of Massachusetts; Oliver Ellsworth, of Connecticut; and James Wilson, of Pennsylvania, who on August 6 reported a draft which included a Preamble and twenty-three articles, embodying fifty-seven sections.
Debate continued until September 8, when a new Committee of Style was named to revise the draft. The actual literary form is believed to be largely that of Morris, and the chief testimony for this is in the letters and papers of Madison, and Morris's claim. However, the document in reality was built slowly and laboriously, with not a piece of material included until it has been shaped and approved.
The preamble was written by the Committee of Style. Who was the penman who, after the text of the Constitution had been agreed on, engrossed it prior to the signing? Jacob Shallus who, at the time, was assistant clerk of the Pennsylvania State Assembly, and whose office was in the same building in which the Convention was held. Does his name appear on the document or in any of the papers pertaining to its preparation?
When and how was the identity of the engrosser determined? In , on the occasion of the th anniversary of the Constitution. His identity was determined after a long and careful search of collateral public documents, and is here disclosed for the first time. Where did Shallus do the engrossing? There is no record of this, but probably in Independence Hall.
Did he realize the importance of the work he had done? Probably not; when he died, in , the Constitution had not yet come to be the firmly established set of governmental principles it since has become. Did some of the deputies to the Constitutional Convention refuse to sign the Constitution?
Only thirty-nine signed. Fourteen deputies had departed for their homes, and three--Randolph and Mason, of Virginia, and Gerry, of Massachusetts--refused to sign. One of the signatures is that of an absent deputy, John Dickinson, of Delaware, added at his request by George Read, who also was from Delaware.
How can it be said that the signing of the Constitution was unanimous, when the deputies of only twelve States signed and some delegates refused to sign? The signatures attest the "Unanimous Consent of the States present. Hamilton signed this attestation for New York, though as he was the only deputy of the State present he had not been able to cast the vote of his State for the consent, only eleven States voting on the final question.
There is an even greater discrepancy about the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. Some seven or eight members present on July 4 never signed; seven Signers, including Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, who proposed the resolution of independence, were not present on the day; and eight other Signers were not members of Congress until after July 4.
Did George Washington sign the Declaration of Independence? He had been appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army more than a year before and was at the time with the army in New York City.
What are the exact measurements of the originals of the Declaration of Independence and of the Constitution of the United States? How many words are there in the texts in the present volume, and how long does it take to read them? The Constitution has 4, words, including the signatures but not the certificate on the interlineations; and takes about half an hour to read.
The Declaration of Independence has 1, words, with the signatures, but is slower reading, as it takes about ten minutes. The Farewell Address has 7, words and requires forty-five minutes to read. What party names were given to those who favored ratification and to those who opposed it? Those who favored ratification were called Federalists; those who opposed, Antifederalists. In ratifying the Constitution, did the people vote directly?
Ratification was by special State conventions Art. The vote of how many States was necessary to ratify the Constitution? Nine Art. In what order did the States ratify the Constitution? After the Constitution was submitted for ratification, where did the greatest contests occur? In Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York.
In each instance what was the vote? New York ratified the Constitution by a majority of three votes 30 to 27; Massachusetts by to ; and Virginia by 89 to In the course of ratification, how many amendments were offered by the State conventions?
Seventy-eight; exclusive of Rhode Island's twenty-one, and those demanded by the first convention in North Carolina. There were many others offered which were considered necessary as items of a Bill of Rights. Various of these covered the same topics. When did the United States government go into operation under the Constitution? The Constitution became binding upon nine States by the ratification of the ninth State, New Hampshire, June 21, Notice of this ratification was received by Congress on July 2, On September 13, , Congress adopted a resolution declaring that electors should be appointed in the ratifying States on the first Wednesday in January, ; that the electors vote for President on the first Wednesday in February, ; and that "the first Wednesday in March next [March 4, ] be the time and the present seat of Congress the place for commencing proceedings under the said constitution.
On March 3, , the old Confederation went out of existence and on March 4 the new government of the United States began legally to function, according to a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States wings v.
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